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Impact of International Voluntary Standards on Smallholder Sarket Participation in Developing Countries

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Impact of International Voluntary Standards on Smallholder Sarket Participation in Developing Countries

Abstract

This publication presents the results of a literature review conducted by FAO in 2012 on the impact of voluntary standards on smallholders’ ability to participate in markets. The results are based on an analysis of 101 studies containing 123 cases. Cumulatively, these cases presented evidence for 19 voluntary standards that were implemented in 14 commodity sectors and in 40 countries. Despite this broad scope, the authors find that the majority of the empirical evidence for impacts comes from studies of just three standards: GlobalGAP, Fairtrade and organic. Moreover, most studies focus on two commodities: coffee and horticulture products.
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2014

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